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The contractor will work under the direction of Dr. Eliseo Perez-Stable at the NIH/NHLBI to support research in pursuit of the following data and statistical objectives:
Objective 1: Hispanic Community Health Study/Study on Latinos (HCHS/SOL) approved analyses on the association of unhealthy behaviors (alcohol use, smoking, physical inactivity, and poor diet) and chronic stress measured by allostatic load, with depressive symptoms among Latinos from five different national origins. The availability of visit 2 data will allow for longitudinal analyses.
Objective 2: HCHS/SOL approved analyses evaluating the association of neighborhood social cohesion and barriers with health-related prevention behaviors –– lipid testing, blood pressure control, and cancer screening tests –– among Latinos from five different national origins. The availability of visit 2 data will allow for longitudinal analyses.
Objective 3: Proposed ancillary study of HCHS/SOL that will evaluate tobacco biomarkers among Latinos from five different national origins, stratified by gender and smoking intensity, to evaluate the association of national origin, genetic ancestry, and smoking behavior with nicotine metabolism, biochemical smoking, and generation of tobacco-specific carcinogens.
Objective 4: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data comparing serum levels of cotinine and urine NNAL (tobacco-specific carcinogen) by national origin and self-reported smoking over three years of data.
Objective 5: Jujuy cohort: Sample of 3500 youth ages 14 to 17 followed in Jujuy, Argentina over three years. A final paper on factors predicting onset of smoking.
Objective 6: Jujuy school intervention study: Twelve randomized middle schools in Jujuy targeting youth ages 14 to 17 followed over three years. Results of effectiveness in the six schools receiving the full intervention.
Objective 7: The HINTS data: We have two in-progress projects using five waves of HINTS survey. The first project focuses on patient-clinician communication (PCC) and aims to (a) identify correlates of disparities in PCC; (b) examine associations between PCC and health outcomes (e.g., cancer screening). The second project focuses on racial/ethnic disparities in acceptance and use of health information technologies such as mobile applications for health.
Objective 8: International Tobacco Country Survey: The ITC project uses a quasi-experimental, longitudinal design. The project aims to examine disparities in the impact of tobacco control policies on socioeconomic groups within each country (pre-post policy implementation) as well as across three Latin American countries (i.e., Brazil, Mexico, Uruguay).
Objective 9: NATS: The project aims to look at racial/ethnic differences in tobacco product use patterns (T-PUPs) over time (1999 to 2015). Briefly, T-PUPs are seven mutually exclusive categories of tobacco use: combustible cigarettes only use, non-cigarette combustibles only use (e.g., cigars), non-combustibles only use (e.g., e-cigarettes), cigarette and non-cigarette combustibles dual use, cigarettes and non-combustibles dual use, non-cigarette combustibles and non-combustibles dual use, and poly use of cigarettes, non-cigarette combustibles, and non-combustibles.
Objective 10: Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study analyses of tobacco product use and risk factors for tobacco use by race/ethnicity and sexual orientation.
Weekly updates with the PI or designee; lab meetings, lab presentations as directed by Dr. Perez-Stable.
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